The basic parts of a dental implant are always the same no matter what brand or what design you use. It starts with the basic implant itself, a titanium appliance that uses osseointegration to fuse to your bone. On top of that is a metal post that connects the implant to the crown, and finally, there’s the porcelain crown that attaches permanently to the post. This design is actually very similar to the roots and crowns of your natural teeth, which is a big reason why implants can be such effective replacements.
One way to divide the types of dental implants is by endosteal implants versus subperiosteal implants. Endosteal implants use titanium screws that can go into your jaw just as deep as the roots of a natural tooth, but you need the arches in your jaw to be thick and deep. That’s a problem if your tooth came out months or years ago because the part of your jaw that supported it will have shrunken over time. To get a full-size endosteal implant, you may need to start with a bone graft.
On the other hand, subperiosteal implants sit on the jaw with posts sticking up out of a metal framework placed between the gums and the bone. These frames aren’t as secure as endosteal implants, but they can still take advantage of osseointegration to form a solid connection. Subperiosteal implants are good for patients whose teeth came out long ago and don’t have enough bone for a traditional endosteal implant and who either can’t or don’t want to go through with a bone graft.
Another way to divide the types of dental implants is by the regular kind and mini implants. Mini implants work the same way as endosteal implants, but like the name suggests they’re small enough to attach to a jawbone even if it’s been years since all the teeth came out. Mini implants are too small to tightly hold a crown, but you can use them as anchor points for dentures that will hold them on much more effectively than suction or dental adhesive can.
Still, with all types of dental implants you can be sure of a few things. While they may cost more and demand some recovery time when you compare them to dentures, these problems are more than worth it for the secure smile and the ability to chew even hard foods without problems.
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